Donaco International Limited / 2017 Annual Report Donaco International Limited / 2017 Annual Report 36 37 37 Donaco International Limited / 2017 Annual Report Donaco International Limited / 2017 Annual Report 36 Notes to the Financial Statements for the year ended 30 June 2017 Notes to the Financial Statements for the year ended 30 June 2017 Revenue recognition Revenue is recognised when it is probable that the economic benefit will flow to the consolidated entity and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Gaming revenue Revenue at the playing tables is recognised upon the differences between chips at the closing and chips at the opening of each table plus chips transferred from the playing table to the cage, less chips transferred from the cage to the playing table. Revenue is recognised on a net basis after commission and profit sharing is paid to junket operators. Revenue from slot machines represents the amount received over the exchange counter less the amount returned to customers and profit-sharing paid. Sale of goods The consolidated entity sale of goods consists of food and beverages sales. Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised at the point of sale, when a group entity sells a product to the customer. Rendering of services Revenue from the provision of accommodation and hospitality services is recognised in the accounting period in which the services are rendered. Interest Interest revenue is recognised as interest accrues using the effective interest method. This is a method of calculating the amortised cost of a financial asset and allocating the interest income over the relevant period using the effective interest rate, which is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the net carrying amount of the financial asset. Income tax The income tax expense or benefit for the period is the tax payable on that periodâ€™s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for each jurisdiction, adjusted by the changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences, unused tax losses and the adjustment recognised for prior periods, where applicable. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised for temporary differences at the tax rates expected to be applied when the assets are recovered or liabilities are settled, based on those tax rates that are enacted or substantively enacted, except for: â€¢ when the deferred income tax asset or liability arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and that, at the time of the transaction, affects neither the accounting nor taxable profits; or â€¢ when the taxable temporary difference is associated with interests in subsidiaries, associates or joint ventures, and the timing of the reversal can be controlled and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future. Deferred tax assets are recognised for deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilise those temporary differences and losses. The carrying amount of recognised and unrecognised deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. Deferred tax assets recognised are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that future taxable profits will be available for the carrying amount to be recovered. Previously unrecognised deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that there are future taxable profits available to recover the asset. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset only where there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets against current tax liabilities and deferred tax assets against deferred tax liabilities; and they relate to the same taxable authority on either the same taxable entity or different taxable entities which intend to settle simultaneously. Current and non-current classification Assets and liabilities are presented in the Statement of Financial Position based on current and non-current classification. An asset is classified as current when: it is either expected to be realised or intended to be sold or consumed in the consolidated entityâ€™s normal operating cycle; it is held primarily for the purpose of trading; it is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting period; or the asset is cash or cash equivalent unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period. All other assets are classified as non-current. A liability is classified as current when: it is either expected to be settled in the consolidated entityâ€™s normal operating cycle; it is held primarily for the purpose of for the year then ended. Donaco International Limited and its subsidiaries together are referred to in these financial statements as the â€˜consolidated entityâ€™. Subsidiaries are all those entities over which the consolidated entity has control. The consolidated entity controls an entity when the consolidated entity is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power to direct the activities of the entity. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the consolidated entity. They are de-consolidated from the date that control ceases. Intercompany transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between entities in the consolidated entity are eliminated. Unrealised losses are also eliminated unless the transaction provides evidence of the impairment of the asset transferred. Accounting policies of subsidiaries have been changed where necessary to ensure consistency with the policies adopted by the consolidated entity. The acquisition of subsidiaries is accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. A change in ownership interest, without the loss of control, is accounted for as an equity transaction, where the difference between the consideration transferred and the book value of the share of the non-controlling interest acquired is recognised directly in equity attributable to the parent. Non-controlling interest in the results and equity of subsidiaries are shown separately in the Statement of Profit or Loss and other Comprehensive Income, Statement of Financial Position and Statement of Changes in Equity of the Consolidated Entity. Losses incurred by the consolidated entity are attributed to the non-controlling interest in full, even if that results in a deficit balance. Where the consolidated entity loses control over a subsidiary, it derecognises the assets including goodwill, liabilities and non-controlling interest in the subsidiary together with any cumulative translation differences recognised in equity. The consolidated entity recognises the fair value of the consideration received and the fair value of any investment retained together with any gain or loss in profit or loss. Operating segments Operating segments are presented using the â€˜management approachâ€™, where the information presented is on the same basis as the internal reports provided to the Chief Operating Decision Makers (CODM). The CODM is responsible for the allocation of resources to operating segments and assessing their performance. Foreign currency translation The financial statements are presented in Australian dollars, which is Donaco International Limitedâ€™s functional and presentation currency. DNA Star Vegas Co., Ltd, a subsidiary within the Group, has casino and hotel operations in Cambodia. Its functional currency is Thai baht. Donaco Singapore Pte Ltd has an interest in the Lao Cai International Hotel Joint Venture Company which operates a casino and hotel in Vietnam. The functional currency of the Joint Venture Company is Vietnamese dong. The subsidiaries of Donaco that operate in the aforementioned foreign countries are consolidated into the Hong Kong Group (Star Vegas Group) and the Singapore Group (Aristo Group). At this level, the presentation currency is US dollar. Subsequently, these consolidated groups are consolidated with the Australian operations and converted to Australian dollars. Foreign currency transactions Foreign currency transactions are translated into Australian dollars using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at financial year-end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in profit or loss. Foreign operations The assets and liabilities of foreign operations are translated into Australian dollars using the exchange rates at the reporting date. The revenues and expenses of foreign operations are translated into Australian dollars using average exchange rates, which approximate the rates at the dates of the transactions, for the period. All resulting foreign exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income through the foreign currency reserve in equity. Goodwill, casino licence and fair value adjustments arising from the acquisition of a foreign operation are treated as assets and liabilities of the foreign operations and translated at the closing rate. The foreign currency reserve is recognised in profit or loss when the foreign operation or net investment is disposed of.